Erie Vital Signs

Offenses Committed by Category: Offenses Committed by Category

Recent Performance

This trend is mixed or inconclusive.

Although the total number of offenses committed in Erie has fallen every year since 2011, offenses in some specific crime categories have actually increased, while those in other categories have decreased. Especially of concern is the rate of increase in more serious or violent crimes, such as weapons-related offenses and murder and non-negligent manslaughter.

Larceny-theft was the category with the highest number of offenses (4,438) committed in Erie County in 2014, while gambling had no recorded offenses committed.

The top ten crime categories with the highest number of offenses committed in Erie County in 2014 were: larceny-theft (4,438); assault (2,526); disorderly conduct (1,831); vandalism (1,720); burglary (1,332); driving under the influence (1,109); drunkenness (975); forgery/counterfeiting, fraud, embezzlement (973); drug sale/manufacturing, drug possession (840); and sex offenses excluding rape and prostitution (264).

The crime categories with the lowest number offenses committed in Erie County in 2014 were: motor vehicle theft (134); stolen property (106); rape (93); offenses against family (72); arson (44); murder and non-negligent manslaughter (12); vagrancy (12); prostitution (6); manslaughter by negligence (2); and gambling (0).

The crime categories with the highest number of arrests in Erie County in 2014 were: assault (1,407); larceny-theft (1,126); driving under the influence (1,065); drunkenness (1,003); and disorderly conduct (843).

Between 2006 and 2014, the crime categories that had the highest rates of increase in Erie County were: weapons-related offenses (increasing to 207 from 69, or 200 percent); murder and non-negligent manslaughter (increasing to 12 from 6, or 100 percent); and offenses against family (increasing to 72 from 45, or 60 percent).

In the more recent period, between 2013 and 2014, the crime categories that had the highest rates of increase in Erie County were: murder and non-negligent manslaughter (increasing to 12 from 4, or 200 percent); weapons-related offenses (increasing to 207 from 109, or 89.9 percent); and arson (increasing to 44 from 35, or 25.7 percent).

Between 2006 and 2014, the crime categories that had the highest rates of decrease in Erie County were: liquor law offenses (decreasing to 218 from 785, or 72.2 percent); prostitution (decreasing to 6 from 16, or 62.5 percent); and robbery (decreasing to 136 from 309, or 56 percent).
In the more recent period, between 2013 and 2014, the crime categories that had the highest rates of decrease in Erie County were: prostitution (decreasing to 6 from 17, or 64.7 percent); robbery (decreasing to 136 from 226 or 39.8 percent); and vagrancy (decreasing to 12 from 17, or 29.4 percent).

Note about crime data: The EVS crime data come from two related but separate sources: the Pennsylvania Uniform Crime Reporting System (UCRS) and the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Each has its advantages and shortcomings, but together they give us a fuller picture of crime in Erie and its peer areas, as well as in the state and the nation. UCRS has detailed data on categories of crimes and has more recent data (through 2014), but only goes back to 2005 and only covers areas in Pennsylvania. The FBI statistics report data back to 1995 in some cases, and for all metro areas of the U.S. so we can get data for Erie’s peers there. But it reports on fewer crime categories and it takes longer to compile all those data, so the most recent are for 2013 at this point. The result of this is that some of the EVS graphs only go through 2013 and cover less-detailed crime categories (when we wish to explore Erie relative to its peers) while other data are more recent or detailed, but sacrifice data for peer areas.


The Basics

This indicator reports the actual number of offenses committed, and also offenses per 100,000 population for comparison across areas of different size. These are reported for a broad set of crime categories, as well as for some broader classifications such as violent and property crimes. It also reports crimes per 100,000 population to allow comparison across areas of different sizes.

Why It's Important

Measuring offenses committed is a way of seeing how much violence, theft, or other criminal activity there is in a community. In addition, measuring offenses committed broken down by crime category allows a community to see which criminal activities are more prevalent and the extent to which more severe or violent crimes versus less serious crimes are being committed. These measures may be useful in helping a community decide on the most appropriate strategy to allocate law enforcement resources. The level of crime, which may be influenced by many different variables, will affect the degree to which residents of an area feel safe living in the community.

The Details

”The Basics” says it all.

The Nitty-Gritty Details

Pennsylvania Uniform Crime Reporting System
Federal Bureau of Investigation Crime Statistics

Subcategories

Statistics on the number of offenses (as well as the number of arrests) are available for each of the following crime categories: murder and non-negligent manslaughter; manslaughter by negligence; rape; robbery; motor vehicle theft; arson; stolen property; weapons; prostitution; sex offenses (excluding rape and prostitution); gambling; offenses against family; vagrancy; assault; burglary; larceny-theft; forgery/counterfeiting, fraud, embezzlement; vandalism; driving under the influence; drunkenness; disorderly conduct; drug sale/manufacture, drug possession; liquor law; and other.

Peer Areas

The PA data source provides statistics for Erie and other areas in Pennsylvania. The FBI source provides national and peer area data.

Frequency

Annual

Source

Pennsylvania Uniform Crime Reporting System
Federal Bureau of Investigation Crime Statistics

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