Economy
Public Assistance Per Resident


Public Assistance Per Resident

What does this measure?

Income to individuals from governmental programs (welfare/Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Medicaid, unemployment and food stamps), expressed on a per capita basis.

Why is this important?

Per capita income from governmental programs is one measure of a region's overall poverty and shows to what extent residents need and receive help from the government to meet basic needs.

How is our region doing?

In 2017, Erie County received $3,600 in public assistance income per resident. This was more than Pennsylvania as a whole, at $3,100, and the nation, at $2,600. Between 2001 and 2017, public assistance per resident in Erie County doubled (after inflation), compared to increases of 65% statewide and 55% nationally. Levels of assistance in Erie County rose steadily since 2001, except for small year-over-year declines in a few years.

How do we compare to similar counties?

Public assistance per resident in Erie County in 2017 was higher than Luzerne County, PA, at $3,000, and Stark County, OH, at $2,700. Erie's increase in public assistance per resident since 2001 outpaced only Broome.

Notes about the data

Figures are in constant 2017 dollars. This data is from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Eligibility requirements for many public assistance programs vary from state to state. Families are eligible for temporary assistance benefits for up to 60 months, although most receive assistance for shorter periods.

Public Assistance Per Resident
20012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
United States$1,693$1,817$1,890$1,991$2,043$1,962$2,031$2,051$2,289$2,428$2,391$2,377$2,412$2,516$2,643$2,665$2,631
Pennsylvania$1,864$1,942$2,041$2,191$2,354$2,188$2,247$2,247$2,451$2,681$2,692$2,664$2,705$2,804$2,975$3,266$3,069
Erie County, PA$1,909$1,999$2,179$2,395$2,540$2,393$2,477$2,585$2,862$3,093$3,211$3,026$3,421$3,334$3,516$3,800$3,607
Broome County, NY$1,979$2,275$2,404$2,593$2,522$2,576$2,594$2,633$3,110$3,231$3,228$3,116$3,150$3,214$3,460$3,512$4,092
Stark County, OH$1,579$1,712$1,835$1,849$1,922$1,829$1,919$2,012$2,258$2,312$2,485$2,370$2,417$2,614$2,701$2,733$2,749
Luzerne County, PA$1,970$2,063$2,097$2,335$2,454$2,320$2,321$2,334$2,467$2,579$2,635$2,574$2,622$2,707$2,935$3,214$3,046

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
Notes: Figures are in constant 2017 dollars.




Public Assistance
20012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
United States482,336,921,513522,571,586,882548,404,045,217582,930,136,157603,818,542,140585,554,717,460611,744,294,161623,585,471,266702,303,642,169749,774,525,443745,291,686,724746,319,157,469762,652,258,056801,589,283,590848,371,864,634861,800,442,820857,127,000,000
Pennsylvania22,922,241,09123,945,091,53325,258,054,69227,191,940,17129,303,021,63927,371,150,93028,236,572,75828,334,824,81831,051,697,44534,057,307,06734,299,211,95734,011,802,32434,571,458,29635,859,638,72438,049,756,37741,762,054,84439,294,728,000
Erie County, PA535,873,012560,572,681610,356,793665,361,306704,090,570666,136,702689,907,903720,301,212800,945,998867,848,183903,305,106851,747,000959,959,774931,495,553977,866,6081,050,058,347990,193,000
Broome County, NY397,609,277458,187,733483,192,800521,068,803505,616,165517,584,984521,003,244529,284,465624,845,370648,365,872643,772,500619,374,427624,319,084635,265,399679,164,324684,197,799792,368,000
Stark County, OH595,695,579645,137,037691,246,393696,601,454722,599,452687,945,816723,193,966758,903,943849,653,054868,315,815930,390,038888,502,081906,566,361981,695,5771,012,131,3061,020,949,1531,023,998,000
Luzerne County, PA623,778,497651,445,573662,026,490736,514,880776,003,733735,143,575738,580,317745,007,552790,817,262827,726,274845,785,449826,580,973838,272,584864,145,950933,375,8661,018,167,122966,611,000

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
Notes: Figures are in constant 2017 dollars.




INDICATORS TREND | ERIE COUNTY
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employees Increasing
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Median Age Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Decreasing
Foreign Born Population Increasing
Household Types Not Applicable
Average Household Size Maintaining
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Median Household Income Maintaining
Public Assistance Maintaining
Change in Average Salary Decreasing
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Education Level Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Median Rent Maintaining
Student Performance in Grade 3 Reading Increasing
Student Performance in Grade 3 Math Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Maintaining
Per Student Spending Maintaining
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Education Level of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Air Quality Increasing
Water Quality Maintaining
Recycling Tons Per Capita Maintaining
Solid Waste Per Capita Maintaining
Vehicles by Fuel Type Not Applicable
Mortality Rate Decreasing
Death from Heart Disease Decreasing
Death from Cancer Decreasing
Death from Stroke Decreasing
Death from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease Increasing
Hypertension Prevalance Increasing
Diabetes Prevalence Increasing
Asthma Increasing
People Without Healthcare Coverage Decreasing
People Without a Primary Care Physician Increasing
Routine Checkups Increasing
People Who Cannot Afford Healthcare Decreasing
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Increasing
Children Who are Overweight or Obese Increasing
Teens Who are Overweight or Obese Increasing
Adult Smokers Decreasing
Physically Inactive Adults Decreasing
Binge Drinking Maintaining
Infant Mortality Decreasing
Low Birth Weight Babies Not Applicable
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Non Smoking During Pregnancy Increasing
Early Prenatal Care Increasing