The growth or decline in the number of residents of a geographic area, broken down by racial and ethnic groups.
Population measures provide insight on how communities are changing in size and composition. The racial and ethnic makeup of a community can offer insight into its levels of diversity, which also may reflect particular challenges and opportunities.
From 2000 to 2013-17, Erie County's Asian American population more than doubled from about 1,800 to 4,500, a 148% increase. During the same period, the county's Hispanic population increased 81%, from 6,200 to 11,200. The African American population grew at a slower pace, or 17%, from 17,000 to 19,900. The white population decreased 5%, from 254,800 to 242,100.
The growth in Erie County's Asian American population outpaced Pennsylvania, at 93%, and the U.S., at 68%. The state had a larger increase in Hispanic population, at 123%, while national growth for this group was smaller, at 60%. Erie's increase in African-American population was similar to the state and nation. The white population in Pennsylvania was flat and increased 11% at the national level.
The City of Erie's Asian American population jumped 434% from 2000 to 2013-17, to 2,900. The city also experienced growth among Hispanic residents, at 58%, and African Americans, at 11%, while its white population declined 12%.
Erie County's growth in the Asian population outpaced increases in Broome County, NY, at 56% and Stark County, OH, 69% but was comparable to Luzerne County, PA, at 147%. Luzerne had a 723% increase in Hispanic population during this period, far more than Erie, Broome and Stark. Erie's rise in African American population was smaller than increases in Broome and Luzerne while the black population was flat in Stark. The decline in white population in Stark was similar to Erie, while there were larger drops in Broome and Luzerne (-8% for both).
Rate is percentage change from 2000. The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census.
The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.
|Asian||Black or African American||Hispanic||White|
|Erie County, PA||148%||17%||81%||-5%|
|Broome County, NY||56%||68%||92%||-8%|
|Luzerne County, PA||147%||150%||723%||-8%|
|Stark County, OH||69%||-1%||111%||-3%|
|Asian||Black or African American||Hispanic||White|
|Erie County, PA||4,487||19,850||11,152||242,063|
|Broome County, NY||8,321||11,279||7,819||168,776|
|Luzerne County, PA||3,783||13,687||32,188||283,692|
|Stark County, OH||3,055||26,706||7,202||330,293|
|INDICATORS||TREND | ERIE COUNTY|
|Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments||Maintaining|
|Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employees||Increasing|
|Drug Abuse Arrests||Maintaining|
|Voter Participation Rate||Increasing|
|Population by Age||Not Applicable|
|Population by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Change in Total Population||Decreasing|
|Foreign Born Population||Increasing|
|Household Types||Not Applicable|
|Average Household Size||Maintaining|
|Median Household Income||Maintaining|
|Change in Average Salary||Decreasing|
|Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Change in Employment by Sector||Not Applicable|
|People Living in Poverty||Increasing|
|People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Children Living in Poverty||Increasing|
|Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|People Living in Poverty by Education Level||Not Applicable|
|Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Housing Affordability for Homeowners||Maintaining|
|Student Performance in Grade 3 Reading||Increasing|
|Student Performance in Grade 3 Math||Increasing|
|High School Cohort Graduation Rate||Maintaining|
|Per Student Spending||Maintaining|
|Education Level of Adults||Not Applicable|
|Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Recycling Tons Per Capita||Maintaining|
|Solid Waste Per Capita||Maintaining|
|Vehicles by Fuel Type||Not Applicable|
|Death from Heart Disease||Decreasing|
|Death from Cancer||Decreasing|
|Death from Stroke||Decreasing|
|Death from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease||Increasing|
|People Without Healthcare Coverage||Decreasing|
|People Without a Primary Care Physician||Increasing|
|People Who Cannot Afford Healthcare||Decreasing|
|Adults Who are Overweight or Obese||Increasing|
|Children Who are Overweight or Obese||Increasing|
|Teens Who are Overweight or Obese||Increasing|
|Physically Inactive Adults||Decreasing|
|Low Birth Weight Babies||Increasing|
|Live Births to Teen Mothers||Decreasing|
|Non Smoking During Pregnancy||Increasing|
|Early Prenatal Care||Increasing|